What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that helps clients identify and change unhelpful thoughts, feelings and behaviours, which get in the way of your optimal functioning. It is evidence-based and is often the most effective form of treatment for those struggling with anxiety and depression. CBT may also be combined with other treatments, depending on the client’s situation.
When is CBT Used?
While each client and their mental health treatment plan is unique, CBT is typically used to treat many different struggles. At Bloor West Therapy we use CBT to treat the following:
- generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
- depression and mood disorders
- panic disorder
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
How does CBT work?CBT is a structured, goal-oriented approach that uses exercises, such as worksheets and behavioural changes, that you may do on your own between sessions. CBT explores the interconnection between your thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. It can help clients gain insight into why they think, feel, or behave a certain way and as a result, can bring about positive change. It incorporates psychoeducation to help you understand what happens in your mind and body when you experience anxiety or depression. To learn more, book a complimentary 15-minute phone consultation at Bloor West Therapy.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who developed Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?
CBT was developed by Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s. Dr. Beck sought to find ways to categorize and conceptualize depression. Upon examining various patients’ automatic and negative thoughts, Dr. Beck developed CBT as a way to help these individuals change the beliefs behind these thoughts. Since then, more research has been conducted on CBT. It has also helped countless individuals overcome depression and other mental health challenges.
What does CBT involve?
How can CBT help depression?
How can CBT help anxiety?
Anxiety involves excessive fear and worry. Unless actively addressed, anxiety will usually increase over time, due to people instinctively relying on various safety behaviours, such as avoidance and control, to try to manage anxiety, which in the long run worsens the underlying fears. CBT addresses this through psychoeducation, helping you think differently about anxious thoughts, and learning how to use more effective skills to manage the anxiety and decrease it in the long run. As a result, you learn to think and respond in ways that help you to feel calmer.